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Guidelines for a research paper - How to Write a Research Paper- A Research Guide for Students

find 3 supporting arguments for each position you take. Obtain teacher approval for your topic before embarking on a full-scale research. It s why we have office hours, and it s why we require abstracts be handed in weeks before the paper due date.


, parameters of the experiments and versions of software for revision, or importantly, of the results. Background and Significance This section can be melded into your introduction or you can create a separate section to help with the organization and narrative flow of your proposal. Several guideline development groups have published articles with examples of good reporting for each item on their checklist.

Previously in history, an epidemic outbreak was whopping couch. Once you have a good idea, you can draft the proposal in an evening. Van Buren, Madame C zanne s Fashions and the Dates of Her Portraits, Art Quarterly 29 1966 199. Nature 171 737 738 Available Accessed 31 December 2013.


We only ask you to follow a few simple guidelines Attribution Remember to attribute our authors. Science develops knowledge people have to figure out how to deal with it. Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments?

The goal of the conclusion, in very simplified terms, is to answer the question, So what? Visual Documentation Illustrations Art history papers require visual documentation such as photographs, photocopies, or scanned images of the art works you discuss.


Make sure that each of your body paragraphs flows nicely into the one after it. For general or background information, check out such as.


This application lets readers explore data and other quantitative results submitted with the article, providing insights into and access to data that is otherwise buried in plots. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. Often you can re-think and re-type faster than than you can edit your way out of a hopeless mess. Once you have filled in all of the relevant text boxes, COBWEB creates a formatted Word document for you to edit and continue working on., don t let your sources organize your paper Integrate your sources into your discussion Summarize, analyze, explain, and evaluate published work rather than merely reporting it Move up and down the ladder of abstraction from generalization to varying levels of detail back to generalization Writing the Conclusion If the argument or point of your paper is complex, you may need to summarize the argument for your reader., by e-mail, on a Web site, and so forth and follow them closely. How to write a great research paper using reporting guidelines The EQUATOR Network Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research How to write a great research paper using reporting guidelines How to write a great research paper using reporting guidelines Welcome to our toolkit for writing research! Place your strongest points at the beginning and end of your essay, with more mediocre points placed in the middle or near the end of your essay.


Considering this, it is clear that the title of your paper is the most important determinant of how many people will read it. In this regard, some of the discussion will complement, extend, and refine some advice given in early articles of this Ten Simple Rules series of PLOS Computational Biology. Methods See the examples in the writing portfolio package Report the methodology not details of each procedure that employed the same methodology Describe the mehodology completely, including such specifics as temperatures, incubation times, etc. But when submitting your manuscript to a journal, you must ensure that you meet the required word count. It is the place where you establish that your work will fit in and be significant to the discipline. Find the right reporting guideline with the EQUATOR wizard One of the first hurdles to get over when writing up a research plan or reporting the results of your study is finding the appropriate reporting guideline.

It must have a title page that includes your name and an appropriate title for your research.

Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence. Stop reading and go below to wherever you explain what needs to be explained? If you re writing for academic peers, then the information you include should reflect the information you already know you don t need to explain basic ideas or theories. Nature 171 737 738 Available Accessed 31 December 2013. Many prefer that a paper be secured with a simple paper or binder clip, which can be easily removed and restored.

If it needs explanation and interpretation as it almost always does, explain and interpret after you tell me what the words are that you are explaining and interpreting.

If, however, you use an article that originally was in an electronic format and is available only on-line, then follow the non-print forms listed below. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. Because for the purposes of subsections a and b of this section Prof. The merit of the proposal counts, not the weight. More often, however, you will be offered a range of general subjects, one of which you must investigate and then narrow down to a topic. Shakespeare uses quite a bit of clothing imagery in King Lear. If nothing seems to be coming up, it could just be that your search query isn t matched well with the titles of most articles dealing with your subject. Here, the discussion centers on predatory publishers, journals, service providers, and conferences. Thinking about it is the most important stage of writing a paper.

If you are checking a printout and find a mistake, reopen the document, make the appropriate revisions, and reprint the corrected page or pages. All research papers will be evaluated for length by word count, rather than pages, to account for differences in fonts, margins, pictures, etc.

The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Page Numbers On every page, in the upper right margin, 1 2 from the top and flush with the right margin put your last name followed by the page number. Some word processing programs may have Roman numerals as a choice, but the standard is Arabic numbers.

737 Source Normalized Impact per Paper SNIP 2016 1.

It s always better to acknowledge this than to have it brought up by your reader. You might comment on its suitability from a theoretical point of view as well as indicate practical reasons for using it. For example, writing the same old tired lines about a topic like the Roswell UFO crash that has been thoroughly debunked in books and in lectures for this course will not earn an A. In order to preserve and protect the economic, social, and cultural attributes of American Indians, tribal justice systems need to maintain their power. You are free to copy, share and adapt any text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link reference to this page. For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page 11. Writing a research paper is an essential aspect of academics and should not be avoided on account of one s anxiety. Do not tell me what you think a statutory section means until you have given me the actual language in the statute do not tell me what you think a court meant until you first tell me what it said. When describing the methods you will use, be sure to cover the following Specify the research operations you will undertake and the way you will interpret the results of these operations in relation to the research problem. The writer can now go directly to summarizing the results. That is because these websites belong to schools, the government, or organizations dealing with your topic. You can publish a research paper through established journals or you can use open source online publishing sites, such as SSRN or Researchgate.


Once you have a number of topics in hand you need to evaluate as to which topic interests you and your audience more. For example, writing the same old tired lines about a topic like the Roswell UFO crash that has been thoroughly debunked in books and in lectures for this course will not earn an A. thesis Don t confuse a topic with a main idea or thesis. BODY This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement. If you don t turn in the paper, the grade on it will be zero and this cannot be fixed with a rewrite later. It s a good idea to write the conclusion before the introduction for several reasons. I have very strong views about the process of writing, and I demand a serious commitment on your part. Otherwise, you risk writing a tome instead of a paper, or trying to study too many directions all at once. If you think you can produce top-quality written work without pain and hard work you are either a incredibly gifted, or b mistaken.

Approach it with the intention of leaving your readers feeling like Wow, that s an exciting idea and I can t wait to see how it turns out! Does the abstract conform to the word limit of 300 words?

Use some systematic way of recording notes and bibliographic information from the very beginning. Please anonymise this information as appropriate in the manuscript, and give the information when asked during submission.

This anxiety frequently stems from the fact that many students are unfamiliar and inexperienced with this genre of writing.

The results of this global survey will be widely shared with journal editors, publishers, and industry influencers to bring a change in the current academic publishing landscape.

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