Writing research review paper 5. The Literature Review- Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper- Research Guides at University of Southern California | How to review a paper Science AAAS
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Writing research review paper - HOW TO WRITE A LITERATURE REVIEW

The writer concludes with some next steps, perhaps an assessment of obstacles, and a final plug for the importance of taking up their reframing. Capitalize and italicize all first letters in journal titles. This will not only allow you to ask new questions about the problem, but also to put the old questions in new context.


Your readers won t get much insight of the problem if you re summarizing the state in which the theories were two decades ago.


Writing in an unbiased manner Your readers will not gain much from reading your literature review article if it fails to deliver a holistic and bias-free approach to the problem. the history of the field The history of the field attempts to provide a definitive and comprehensive view of a particular area of scholarship. By Publication Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. Title page Abstract Introduction Method Results Discussion References Appendices if necessary Tables and or figures if necessary Make sure to check the guidelines for your assignment or any guidelines that have been given to you by an editor of a journal before you submit a manuscript containing the sections listed above.

If the problem doesn t affect the main contribution or conclusion, and if it can be easily fixed, then it should not negatively affect a paper s review. Use the first person I, we rather than the passive voice. The type of information you choose to mention should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, or chronological. On the other hand, only a topic is likely to lead to a brilliant literature review. Some graduate schools are now offering courses in reviewing the literature, given that most research students start their project by producing an overview of what has already been done on their research issue. So if a result is statistically significant, it will probably have widely separated confidence limits.

If you know the criteria that a reviewer will use to judge your paper, you are in a much better position to tailor your paper so that it has a higher chance of being accepted.

What is your field and is there one of these that you can t imagine? In this Background section, make the topic interesting by explaining it in plain language and by relating it to actual or potential practical applications. For example, you can use it on the spreading of a pandemic plague, arguing how the old methods of gathering and analyzing the data were inadequate and how modern technology, such as DNA analysis, will help make the same research more accurate.

An effect is simply an observed relationship between variables in a sample of subjects.

In case a paper aims to review more or less all main literature in an area, the most obvious sources are the numerous databases that are widely available e. sort by date, and then by author sort by methodology and then date Examples of tables that may be relevant to your review Definitions of key terms and concepts.


As a rule of thumb, I roughly devote 20 of my reviewing time to a first, browsing of the paper 40 to a second reading that includes writing up suggestions and comments 30 to a third reading that includes checking the compliance of the authors to the journal guidelines and the proper use of jargon and 10 to the last goof-proof browsing of my review.

It builds on the current knowledge by identifying gaps in the available literature and suggesting future directions for research. Conclusions that are overstated or out of sync with the findings will adversely impact my review and


An argumentative review is written to present an opposing view to a given position.

Examples of scientific reviews can be found in Scientific American Science in the Perspectives and Reviews sections Nature in the News and Views section Compilations of reviews such as Current Opinion in Cell Biology Current Opinion in Genetics Development Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology Annual Review of Physiology Trends in Ecology Evolution Almost every scientific journal has special review articles.


the state of the art A state of the art paper is a variation on the history of the field. the history of the field The history of the field attempts to provide a definitive and comprehensive view of a particular area of scholarship. But by then I knew that writing a literature review doesn t have to be boring. While it might seem that a broken experimental setup is fatal, ask yourself as a reviewer whether the conclusions from the paper s experiments as is are still meaningful, even if the authors have not interpreted the results correctly.

As a reviewer, you can remark that those observations are interesting, and that you would really like to see those parts of the work further developed.

Confidence limits are appearing more frequently in publications, but most authors still use statistical significance. The reviewer s goal should not be to identify the reasons to reject a paper, but rather to determine whether there are any reasons to accept the paper.


In the statistical approach, effects or outcomes are expressed as statistics that are independent of the units of measurement of the original variables.

Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. professor of cognitive neuroscience at Cardiff University in the United Kingdom I am very open-minded when it comes to accepting invitations to review. If you are asked to write an annotated bibliography, you should consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Ass ociation for the APA Format for Annotated


These types of issues certainly reflect problems with a paper, but they do not necessarily constitute a reason to reject a paper if they do not affect the correctness or significance of the main underlying conclusion or contribution of the paper.


You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. The critical evaluation of each work should consider Provenance what are the author s credentials?

The paper should clearly state its objectives in the introduction, and the conclusion should return to these objectives to assess whether they have been achieved. Each has unique requirements concerning the sections that must be included in the paper.


If a reviewer is up to the job of producing a well-organized and methodical review, which flows well and provides a service to the readership, then it should be possible to be objective in reviewing one s own relevant findings. Step 3 Define Your Scope You might start your research thinking you need to read hundreds of articles.


Write down some goals for the day, and questions for your research. Access or File Maker Pro, in an Excel spreadsheet, or the old-fashioned way of using note cards. Please do visit my Facebook here Awesome job continued with the same spirit big up yes this work is life saving!

long-wave economic theory Freeman Louca, Freeman, C.


If the conclusions from the experiments can be restated and still turn out to be meaningful contributions or, if the flaw in an experiment doesn t affect the main contribution or conclusion then even a flaw in experiments can likely be fixed in revision. Inform the reader of your reason for reviewing the topic.

Reframings are published in journals, edited collections, handbooks and monographs. When searching the literature for pertinent papers and reviews, the usual rules apply use different keywords and database sources e.


Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences A Practical Guide. Models and algorithms for road network design A review and some new developments. Here again, if the same authors are being cited again and again, this may indicate no new literature has been written on the topic.

It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic.


I never use value judgments or value-laden adjectives.

Any way Ill be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

Rule 2 Search and Re-search the Literature After having chosen your topic and audience, start by checking the literature and downloading relevant papers. Word limits for any paper often create problems, as authors have difficulties in keeping to externally imposed constraints, and an LRP is no exception. Trends- Categorizing your sources this way will present changes in data interpretation over time.


About pat thomson Pat Thomson is Professor of Education in the School of Education, The University of Nottingham, UK This entry was posted in and tagged Analyzing the past to prepare for the future Writing a literature review. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.


Read the literature Critically read each source, look for the arguments presented rather than for facts. Nonetheless, the Internet is always up-to-date, so can always find there the most recent research works. Take notes as you read and start to organise your review around themes and ideas. For example, Brons, Nijkamp, Pels, and Rietveld Brons, M.

The Literature Review The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences. Talking about the authors gets personal, and it will put the authors themselves on the defensive when reading your review. Pautasso M 2010 Worsening file-drawer problem in the abstracts of natural, medical and social science databases.

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