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Different types of case study analysis - Classification Scheme- National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science

Charts, tables, graphs, letters, or other documentation that helps lay the foundation for a solution may be integrated into the case or appended. 62 of the capacity is used for CA cold storage facilities, 43. If a researcher wanted to study uncontacted Indian tribes, and could only observe the subjects, what type of observations should be made?

Focus groups A form of interviewing where there are several participants there is an emphasis in the questioning on a tightly defined topic the accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of meaning.

If necessary the system of categories is re-examined and revised, which necessitates a reappraisal of the material.

These programs quickly tell you if the relationships between your variables follow any known mathematical pattern, see define border-lines which divide your material into meaningful smaller groups, assign codes to these groups and sort the material accordingly. Each group then has access to a complete set of experimental data, but this depends on good group management and communication. In another example of an intrinsic case study, Hellstrom et al. This proposition begins to tell you where to look for relevant evidence. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of these or other ways to combine methods.


The researcher should define the uniqueness of the phenomenon, which distinguishes it from all others.

This is a method we have not tried, but is an interesting way to develop case studies and one promoted by Smith 1992. Market Entry or Expansion Example Case Situations The client is an online yoga apparel retailer looking to enter the European market. Verbal written or spoken information, in other words, qualitative study. What questions might the reader of the study have? Sometimes publishing new studies can cause harm to the original participants. Our aim in writing this piece is to provide insights into when to consider employing this approach and an overview of key methodological considerations in relation to the design, planning, analysis, interpretation and reporting of case studies. MAYRING, 2001, 3- 9 TASHAKKORI TEDDLIE, 1998, pp. Expense-driven pricing analysis What is the fully-loaded cost for the client to produce the product or offer the service? Identify the bang areas this is Consultant lingo for expense areas that account for a large percent of the total.

Later, the concept was extended to include all those procedures which operate with categories, but which seek at least to quantify these categories by means of a frequency survey of ibid. Be aware of the differences with methods such as ethnography and grounded theory.

Care is needed if an external lecturer is asked to develop the entire case study to ensure they understand what is being requested of them. According to them, organizational dynamics and change are major areas of interest in organizational research, and only qualitative methods are sensitive enough to allow the detailed analysis of change, while quantitative methods are only able to assess that a change has occurred over time but cannot say how what processes were involved or why in terms of circumstances and stakeholders CASSELL SYMON, 1994, p. Theoretical frameworks may also play an important role in integrating different sources of data and examining emerging themes. Unobtrusive Measures Nonreactive Research in the Social Sciences.


Access is therefore a central consideration the researcher needs to come to know the case study site s well and to work cooperatively with them.

analytical generalisation or to test theory by replicating the findings in a second or even a third case i.


Bromley, 1990 The case is the core centre stage of inquiry PARADIGMS 1 The research question 2 its propositions 3 its units of analysis 4 determination of how the data are linked to the propositions 5 criteria to interpret the findings Yin 1994 TYPES 1 Intrinsic case study- where the researchers do not have to select the case eg- evaluation of the process of implementing an innovation in an institution TYPES- CONTD 2 Instrumental case study- the researchers begin with a research question or problem, and seek out a case that offers illumination. In a study, you often conduct a lot of interviews to build a sufficient dataset to look for emerging themes and to use other participants to validate your findings. KRACAUER s 1952 article The challenge of qualitative content analysis can be seen as a critical reaction to BERELSON s book KRACAUER, 1952., The research interview, uses and approaches pp.

Spend some time looking at general books about research- they will give you an overview of the data collection methods available and help you to make the best choice for your project. Booklet 7, A briefing on key concepts by Peter Knight Booklet 9, A briefing on self, peer and group assessment by Phil Race and Booklet 12, A briefing on assessment of large groups by Chris Rust.


London, Sage Here are some references for specific methods ARKSEY, H and KNIGHT, P. First, case study research as a research strategy within qualitative social research is briefly presented. There have been a number of calls for a more qualitative and relevant approach which provides more in-depth knowledge of cases. Warning The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function.

It was important to learn what lead up to the event, and how best to proven it from happening in the future. This may be because the students did not have enough confidence in their abilities to develop a case study or felt they did not have the spare time to work on the topic, particularly as many students take part time jobs to help finance their studies.


This can be a great way to gain insight into events. In the final week students submit their report and display and answer questions on their posters.


Qualitative interviews with patients however helped provide an insight into potentially beneficial aspects of the programme, such as greater, perceived patient involvement in care. In addition, they are excellent test scenarios for communication on your feet.

7 The author argues in favor of both case study research as a research strategy trying to disprove the critiques just mentioned and qualitative content analysis as a method of examination of data material. The CEO would like help designing a store rollout strategy across North America.

Alternatives to having the students prepare the testimony include using the transcript of an actual public hearing or a script developed by the instructor for a particular scenario, which the students then role-play. Make sure you know major currency exchange rates of the office you are wanting to join. Once the fraud was uncovered, investigators discovered willful and systematic corruption that caused the collapse of Enron, as well as their financial auditors, Arthur Andersen.

the nature of different cancer care programmes, before considering the emerging similarities and differences in cross-case comparisons e. An online company is seeking to select the optimal price mix for its product offering in order to maximize profitability. The two main modes of assessment are formative assessment for the purpose of improving learning and student performance and summative evaluation of student performance against a set of predetermined standards. Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development, Vol. The further development of new quality criteria calls for an analysis of where and what kind of other errors can be made or occur in conducting content analysis ibid. Group assessment is another area we have had to consider, as many of our case studies are group-based.

As a result, inference in content analysis confines itself only to specific features of external and internal validity. Deductive research is which is often linked to datasets, surveys or quantitative analysis. However, because so few of these tribes exist, no one is contacting them for research. After each stage, students are asked to respond to questions called clicker questions posed by the instructor. Balbach for offers guidance on the use of case studies in program evaluation. It can certainly contribute to adding and enhancing rigor, validity and reliability of case study research. In fact, case studies seem to be the preferred strategy when how or why questions are being posed, when the investigator has little control over events, and when the focus is on a contemporary phenomenon within some real-life context YIN, 1981, p. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and that sources of your data must be acknowledged. How does client s fully-loaded cost compare with competitor pricing?

Do you know the differences between types of data, and types of analysis?

The client is a surf apparel Company that has three stores on the West Coast of the United States and is looking to grow its store base significantly across the continent.


Learning about patient safety organisational context and culture in the education of healthcare professionals.

Building theories from case study research, Academy of Management Review 14 532-550. This is also why, according to the qualitative research paradigm, it is only in the course of doing field research that one can find out which research questions can reasonably be asked and it is only at the end that the researcher will know which questions can be answered by a study LUEGER, 2000, p. 112-125 in Ghiselin Brewster eds, The Creative Process.


drawing on a particular conceptual framework respondent validation i. For example, the University of Bath are currently producing a portfolio of case studies to support recruitment and teaching of their undergraduate courses in Materials Science and Engineering and initially approached the students for ideas.


When selecting the method of analysis it is advisable to consider whether you can base your work on a theoretical that is already known. However, if the analysis program is unable to produce graphics, or if you could not use a computer for the job at all, you perhaps can present the final results as diagrams made by hand or you can use a specific drawing program.

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