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Introduction of literature review in research - Guide to Writing a Literature Review

APA guidelines overview of common core of elements of APA style. You may even need to go back and look over something that you looked at earlier in your studies that may have more relevance than you first thought. In this way the literature review can provide a justification of your own research.


Useful websites Websites on writing literature reviews Citation and referencing While writing your literature review you will have to properly cite the sources you have used. You should then discuss the literature that deals with your area of research and, finally, consider and critique the studies that are most directly relevant. You should tell which methods you are going to use and how for example, participatory observation, for how long, where, and when or interviews, how many people, how you choose them, when and where how you control for errors and biases how you gather and process data how you analyze it how you plan for validity and reliability, including generalization and how you tackle ethical problems.

When you have completed soliciting feedback and have made your revisions, use the to help you to polish your document. For example, This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are 1 in the situation, and 2 within the individual. This may be more than one chapter, but should certainly be written in sections. Furthermore, libraries may have copies of books and academic journals that are not available online.


In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan. In other words, not only should you tell the reader what it is you are studying and why, but you must also acknowledge why you rejected alternative approaches that could have been used to examine the topic.

It could be from five sources at first year undergraduate level to more than fifty for a thesis. This will usually follow your statement of purpose in the last paragraph of the introduction. Words that differ in meaning in the context of your experiment from traditionally accepted meanings should also be defined. Annotated Bibliography A literature review Shares experts various thoughts, ideas and viewpoints about a topic within your field Summarizes arguments from various sources pointing out strengths and weaknesses of their arguments Sources may contradict each other A research paper Presents a single thought, idea or argument about a topic Explains or argues an idea using research that supports a single conclusion Sources used generally support each other An annotated bibliography Lists citations to books, articles, and documents with each citation followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph.

Your analysis can make across a majority of studies, but should also note across studies and over time. There is the vast availability of information published on this subject with various resources. You do not need to give a long historical explanation about coffee exportation in Africa. Develop your search strategy using this From program developed by librarians from Ohio universities See this for a search strategy example. You need not go into great detail about these more general works, but by highlighting these works you are demonstrating your awareness of the scope and limits of your study and how it touches upon other areas of study. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6 Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. The purpose is to offer an overview of what is known about the topic and to evaluate the strength of the evidence on that topic. One study has shown that eyewitness errors are the most common cause of false convictions ref.

You will check that your bibliography is properly presented and contains all sources cited throughout your work. Incorporating My Literature Review Your review of literature is already completed and has been through the process of revision and editing, so you have done the bulk of the work associated with this section of the introduction.


Each has unique requirements concerning the sections that must be included in the paper. In material written for a popular readership, does the author use appeals to emotion, one-sided examples, or language and tone?


Make notes about the central themes and arguments of the book, chapter or article. Hamadi Iddi Boga JKUAT-Taita Taveta Campus Title The Title is the label of your submission most-read element Should be brief as few words as possible 20, and informative describe contents accurately describe subject specifically Easy to understand Suitable for indexing Include key words for indexing Make most important words stand out order!

It should also describe your theoretical background or at least your perspective to the research question. How will this study advance new knowledge or new ways of understanding? Note however that more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Approximately sixty percent of the content in the Fourth Edition is new, updated with numerous contemporary examples, making this book one of the most comprehensive, accessible, and practical methods books available.


The literature review is a great place to start, because it should demonstrate that you know what you are talking about because you have read everything that is relevant to your dissertation. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3 in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors.

Introductions in Research Articles Variations Across Disciplines. The current thesis examines the third way that postevent misinformation may be encountered through other witnesses.


Subject Specialists in your discipline or area of study are available for additional help on literature reviews. The number of sources that you will be required to review will depend on what the literature review is for and how advanced you are in your studies. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001. Even if you write the introduction last, write it as if you have yet to find the answers to your questions.

Explain the assumptions you are making in researching your question.

On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. This happens because the name itself plays tricks on their minds, failing to understand its real and broader meaning. Once you have a workable plan it is much easier to plan the work in sequence and to set yourself targets for the completion of the separate parts see the section on Getting started with the Dissertation.


Literature reviews tend to have a stated or implied thesis as well.


Reviews the chronological development of research in this area an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best.


During your studies you may ask comments for your research plan from your advisor. References 1-1,5 pages List of the most important research literature.

You could also describe shortly why this lack of information or controversy should be solved.

An equally important question to ask yourself is, When do I begin? Introduction overview of the structure of the review. By Publication Date Order your sources by publication date if the order demonstrates an important trend. If your introduction gets your audience s attention, they will stay with you throughout your proposal. The purpose of the literature review is to provide an analysis and overview of the current state of research on a particular topic. Reviews critically, analyzes, and synthesizes existing research on a topic and, Performs a thorough re view, overview, or look again of past and current works on a subject, issue, or theory. 2 Conducting your literature search This involves sourcing the literature pertinent to your research topic.


This project seeks to employ molecular techniques to develop a recombinant DNA vaccine against the African Cassava mosaic virus. Why is answering this research question important? Remember to adhere to any format stipulated by your department. Many literature reviews are incorporated directly into scholarly source material as part of the formal research process. Make notes about the central themes and arguments of the book, chapter or article.

Organisation and presentation Once you have generated a large number of notes around your reading you might start to feel overwhelmed by the literature. They saw it as such an important part of their degree that they wanted to put more into it It the dissertation took up more of my time.

One should not assume the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts.


You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration, a data base program e. Have you mapped out the content of each of your chapters? It is highly advisable to draft a plan of the dissertation.


When you are first learning to write in this format it is okay, and actually preferable, to use a past statement like, The purpose of this study was to. Keep your review focused on your topic make sure that the articles you find are relevant and directly related to your topic. The element of critiquing appears to give literature reviews and annotated bibliographies their apparent similarities but in truth this is where they greatly differ. Your literature review should also demonstrate how your study does or will relate to previous work, and how it either fills gaps, or responds to calls for further work. You need not go into great detail about these more general works, but by highlighting these works you are demonstrating your awareness of the scope and limits of your study and how it touches upon other areas of study. com is free provided that copyright is acknowledged and a reference or link is included to the page s where the information was found. What is the author s position in the research process, e. It s usually a bad sign to see every paragraph beginning with the name of a researcher.

If people have no choices or think that they have none, they become depressed.


The proposal will not be well-supported without a literature review. Having the material on a computer disk will enable you to do revisions efficiently and with a minimum of fuss. It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas information seeking the ability to scan the literature efficiently, using manual or computerized methods, to identify a set of useful articles and books critical appraisal the ability to apply principles of analysis to identify unbiased and valid studies. Maidenhead, Oxford University Press, part III HART, C. Why did you choose this kind of research study or design?

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