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Case study approach definition - Case Study Method in Psychology Simply Psychology

This brings together findings from many case studies to answer evaluative questions.

More broadly, the horizontal comparison across these six high schools demonstrated how different material and ideological contexts affected the appropriation of pedagogy within one country. Logically thinking it would seem that in order to get knowledge about a class we would need a research project which takes as its object the whole class, not only one case of it. Brazier and colleagues used a mixed-methods case study approach to investigate the impact of a cancer care programme. Schematic representation of case study research designs.

It is useful to show some numerical data but remember that you are only trying to judge trends and not analyze every last piece of data. You are free to copy, share and adapt any text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link reference to this page. A difficulty when trying to explain people s behavior on the basis of their announced intentions is that the later behavior of people does not always quite correlate with the expressed intentions, sometimes because of unforeseen practical obstacles encountered in the realization phase, and sometimes because the announced intention has not been realistic enough or honest.


Amongst the sources of data the psychologist is likely to turn to when carrying out a case study are of a person s daily routine, with the participant herself and with people who know her, diaries, personal notes e. format MMM D, YYYY and your credit card will not be charged.

The collective case study involves studying multiple cases simultaneously or sequentially in an attempt to generate a still broader appreciation of a particular issue.


Central to these variations is the underpinning ontological and orientations of those involved in the evolution of case study research. For example, the case of studying how women conceptualize the need for water conservation in a village in Uganda could have limited application in other cultural contexts or in areas where fresh water from rivers or lakes is plentiful and, therefore, conservation is understood differently than preserving access to a scarce resource. The predicted ICT revolution has gained increasi. Keywords Case Study Research Methods Comparison Context Introduction Case study methodology is widely used across multiple disciplines and fields.


Illustrative case studies are descriptive in nature and designed to shed light on a particular situation, set of circumstances, and the social relations and processes that are embedded in them.

Beyond culture space, identity, and the politics of difference.


It will seldom be possible to divide exploratory study into such clear phases as is common in the case that the object has been studied earlier. Case study research means single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions. Each insists that bounding the case maintains a reasonable and feasible scope for the study. 8 wrote, The presumption that spaces are autonomous has enabled the power of topography to conceal successfully the topography of power. Cases that are merely descriptive or exploratory are rarely given much credence. Indeed, a common critique of case study is the limitations for generalising Sarantakos, 2005. In contrast to experimental designs, which seek to test a specific hypothesis through deliberately manipulating the environment like, for example, in a randomised controlled trial giving a new drug to randomly selected individuals and then comparing outcomes with controls, the case study approach lends itself well to capturing information on more explanatory how, what and why questions, such as how is the intervention being implemented and received on the ground?

Lest there be any this activity is not meant to be exhaustive.

Chapter 2 Designing Case Studies The next task is to design your case study. Second, traditional case study authors insist on bounding the case. Each of these contexts had been the object of earlier studies and the accumulated knowledge and theory provided potential approaches for the study of the empirical material gathered by Hovi. If applicable, summarize prior case study research applied to the research problem and why it fails to adequately address the research problem.

Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research.


Literature Review The literature review for a case study research paper is generally structured the same as it is for any college-level research paper.


they focus on the individual case without reference to a comparison group. In contrast how and why questions are more explanatory and likely to lead us to the use of case studies, histories and experiments as the preferred research methods. Cr tico, para Patton, denotava um caso um tanto t pico se acontece l, acontecer em qualquer lugar.


Freud s most famous case studies include and The Rat Man 1909b. They are useful in bringing to light something about which most people are not aware. It explains the special character of each artist by three factors das Ererbte the inherited abilities and aptitudes das Erlebte the experiences and das Erlernte what the artist had learned.

A case can be used when there are few studies that help predict an outcome or that establish a clear understanding about how best to proceed in addressing a problem. This way of thinking about context is also enhanced by Bourdieu s concept of field, a symbolic arena in which agents are relatively positioned based on the arbitrary, socially constructed, and open to negotiation rules of the field, the agent s symbolic capital, and the agent s habitus Bourdieu Wacquant, 1992.

It is an established research design that is used extensively in a wide variety of disciplines, particularly in the social sciences. html Hey, while you are here please could you kindly share this website Follow us This workis licensed under a Derivative Works 3. Add important lessons to your Custom Course, track your progress, and achieve your study goals faster.


To challenge traditional theories Science isn t perfect there was a time when scientists believed that the world was flat and that the sun revolved around it.

The contention here is that the qualitative analysis of quantitative data is more important than the quantitative analysis of qualitative data. This assertion is based on an assessment that case study research is characterised by insufficient precision, objectivity or rigour pxiii. The discussion section should relate your case study results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for choosing your subject of analysis.

In CCS research, one would pay close attention to how actions at different scales mutually influence one another. A case study generally involves looking at a single case which already exists, an object of study which is easily identified and separated a bounded system from other similar objects e. Element Description The case Object of the case study identified as the entity of interest or unit of analysis Program, individual, group, social situation, organization, event, phenomena, or process A bounded system Bounded by time, space, and activity Encompasses a system of connections Bounding applies frames to manage contextual variables Boundaries between the case and context can be blurred Studied in context Studied in its real life setting or natural environment Context is significant to understanding the case Contextual variables include political, economic, social, cultural, historical, and or organizational factors In-depth study Chosen for intensive analysis of an issue Fieldwork is intrinsic to the process of the inquiry Subjectivity a consistent thread varies in depth and engagement depending on the philosophical orientation of the research, purpose, and methods Reflexive techniques pivotal to credibility and research process Selecting the case Based on the purpose and conditions of the study Involves decisions about people, settings, events, phenomena, social processes Scope single, within case and multiple case sampling Broad capture ordinary, unique, varied and or accessible aspects Methods specified criteria, methodical and purposive replication logic theoretical or literal replication YIN, 2014 Multiple sources of evidence Multiple sources of evidence for comprehensive depth and breadth of inquiry Methods of data collection interviews, observations, focus groups, artifact and document review, questionnaires and or surveys Methods of analysis vary and depend on data collection methods and cases need to be systematic and rigorous Triangulation highly valued and commonly employed Case study design Descriptive, exploratory, explanatory, illustrative, evaluative Single or multiple cases Embedded or holistic YIN, 2014 heuristic, descriptive MERRIAM, 1998, 2009 Intrinsic, instrumental, and collective STAKE, 1995, 2006 Table 1 Case study elements and descriptors 31 A final, critical point when conducting case study research is the importance of careful preparation and planning, coupled with the development of a systematic implementation structure FLYVBJERG, 2011 MERRIAM, 2009 STAKE, 2006 STEWART, 2014 YIN, 2014. An intrinsic case study is typically undertaken to learn about a unique phenomenon. Starting points My research is an exploratory study focussed on learning about how a theoretical idea works in its real life context. The volume of data, together with the time restrictions in place, impacted on the depth of analysis that was possible within the available resources.


We do things together A case study of couplehood in dementia. Typical such objects or phenomena are pivotal historical events, prominent men and women such as statesmen, great thinkers and artists, political and religious organizations, renowned works of art or of engineering. Freud s most famous case studies include and The Rat Man 1909b.


To prevent excessive growth you have to consider more narrowly.


There are several strengths to case studies, including the ability to study the complex relationships between phenomena, context, and people, and the fact that results are easy to present to a non-scientific audience.


Research terminology simplified Paradigms, ontology, epistemology and methodology. In contrast, the Catholic and Anglican schools, affiliated with powerful and quite hierarchical transnational institutions, presented a markedly different context within which to develop the more egalitarian relations between teachers and students that are implicit in LCP.

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