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What is meant by review of literature - The Literature Review- Communication Studies- Research Guides at University of Southern California

In writing the literature review, the purpose is to convey to the reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. Historical reviews are focused on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline. these requirements are a The recording system should facilitate ready location of the recorded information when required. Nd that each paragraph begins with a researcher s name, it might indicate that, instead of evaluating and comparing the research literature from an analytical point of view, you have simply described what research has been done.

Whichever method you are using, when it comes to literature review writing, you need to think about a number of things the purpose of the review, where it will be placed in the thesis, and what the scope and focus of the literature review will be. In this case, the researcher must systematically search, critique and combine the literature to demonstrate a gap in the existing research base while demonstrating their understanding of both the res earch and the methods previously used to investigate the area Aveyard, 2010. A literature review is more than the search for information, and goes beyond being a descriptive. Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon

Download the Dissertation Journey ebook to understand the challenges dissertation writers face and strategies for overcoming them. While the study focuses on one topic, the Internet s impact on American presidential politics, it will still be organized reflecting technological developments in media. this approach groups research studies by the way the research was conducted. Remember, it is not a collection of loosely related studies in a field but instead represents background and research developments related to a specific research question, interpreted and analyzed by you in a synthesized way. The focus and perspective of your review and the kind of hypothesis or thesis argument you make will be determined by what kind of review you are writing. By Publication Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. Some of the better reviews attempt to pull together the results of many papers using the statistical technique of meta-analysis. You want to contribute to the knowledge base and understanding of other scientists so make sure it centers around a topic that has a good-sized audience! Import your references into your RefWorks account see for guide on how to do this from different databases. Choosing the right university is a defining decision.

Include the key words you used, and the ways you refined your search if necessary. In this case the whole will be your structured review of relevant work, and your coherent argument for the study that you are doing.

The purpose of a literature review is to Place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the research problem being studied, Describe the relationship of each work to the others under consideration, Identify new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in previous research, Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies, Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort, Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research, and Locate your own research within the context of existing literature.

Given the value-laden nature of some social science research e.

Discussion Starts specific by explaining what your results show in relation to your project, then widens out to say what this may mean for the field of research as a whole.

Once again, it s useful to enter this information into your RefWorks record. their literature review and reference list should be useful. What types of sources should I review books, journal articles, websites? Have I cited and discussed studies contrary to my perspective?

Cite the reviews and indicate the extent to which you have based your review on them. These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself. The Literature Review- Communication Studies- Research Guides at University of Southern California A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works. If you do decide to go ahead, then take extra care designing your research, in the absence of guidance from previous studies. A literature review is an opportunity to tell your story by carving a space for your topic and research question in relation to previous studies. Synthesis The term synthesis refers to the bringing together of material from different sources, and the creation of an integrated whole.

What are you being asked to do in your literature review? Sometimes, journal editors will invite scientists to write a review for their journal. Step 3 Identify the literature that you will review Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with this, identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Of the 41 papers cited in this review, we were able to obtain the following only in abstract form Jones et al. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. Steps in the literature review process Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps Define your subject and the scope of the review.

If the review is an introduction to your own research, it highlights gaps and indicates how previous research leads to your own research project and chosen methodology. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time. Purpose of the Literature Review It gives readers easy access to research on a particular topic by selecting high quality articles or studies that are relevant, meaningful, important and valid and summarizing them into one complete report It provides an excellent starting point for researchers beginning to do research in a new area by forcing them to summarize, evaluate, and compare original research in that speci?

Be selective in examining works that address your research problem or question. The focus and perspective of your review and the kind of hypothesis or thesis argument you make will be determined by what kind of review you are writing. An omission will be more obvious within a table, where it would appear as a blank cell, than it would be within text. STEP ONE Plan Find a focus- make sure that your work is organized around ideas- not the sources but a direction or position that they will support. Will you broaden your search to seek literature in related disciplines?

It could be from five sources at first year undergraduate level to more than fifty for a thesis. This section of the Summary should need only a sentence or two.

Jones and Johnstone make the claim that the need to control one s environment is a fundamental need of life 2001, and suggest that the approach of most institutions, which is to provide total care, may be as bad as no care at all. 5 to avoid duplication steps in the research process kinds of literature to be reviewed Purpose of review to become familiar with formulation of the selected appropriate methodology problem previous study in the field research techniques relevant journals to the study. A good literature review should avoid the temptation of stressing the importance of a particular research program. Recommended Other Useful Stuff Connect With Us 2017 eNotes. Eld or any recent research which has raised questions about earlier assumptions.

Define key terms look for differences in the way keys terms are defined note these differences. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terms that were coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. The links below will give you an opportunity to take a look at some sample literature reviews so that you will have a sense of what your literature review should look like. They are as below a Authors name starting with last name, the title of book, place of publication the publisher s name, year. 2007, Dena Bain Taylor, PhD, University of Toronto Toronto, Canada. It must be clear to the reader where it is going keep signposting along the way. Steps in the literature review process Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps Define your subject and the scope of the review. The Review of Literature What It Is and What It Does aims to build the ACW community by sharing the experiences of academic writers.

You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map such as using You can create the table using the table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste import the the Excel sheet into Word once you have completed the table in Excel.

Narrow the Topic The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources. Should I provide subheadings and other background information, such as definitions and or a history? It is probably best to treat it as a research project in its own right.

When you write a research paper, you select sources which support your own argument.

By publication- You may group sources by the type of research they present or the area field of research. You can then begin your process of evaluating the quality and relevance of what you read, and this can guide you to more focussed further reading. However, when writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed because what is important is how perspectives have changed over the years or within a certain time period.

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