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Citing websites for research papers - Government Publication- APA Citation Style, 6th edition- Research Guides at George Washington University

Use ellipsis marks if you wish to leave something out of the middle of a quotation perhaps it is not needed or will make your quotation too long.


In many cases, another researcher s arguments can act as the primary context from which you can emphasize a different viewpoint or to clarify the importance of what you are proposing.

The other answers mention impermanence of URLs, which is an issue, but not, I think, the most important one.

Plagiarism using another person s work without giving them credit is a violation of academic integrity.


This means that the author s last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. Oct 7 12 at 16 34 If you use LaTeX has the type online which you can use to cite online resources. There is Common Citation Examples ALL sources use this format Last name of the author, First name of the author. Shallow and Deep Linking Nothing infuriates me more than to do a search, be directed to a page, only to find that the actual page I m looking for is in an archive or several levels deeper. Signal phrase a signal phrase lets the reader know, right at the beginning of the sentence, that the information he or she is about to read comes from another source. Mla Style in Text Citations The style in text citation has two variations, the author page number, although the modern trend is for author year page number, such as Sargeant 2008, 17 If there are more than two authors listed, then the usual standard is to mention both Sargeant McEvoy, 2008. The following example shows a more formal parenthetical citation. For further information about MLA style for Works Cited entries, see. For all subsequent in-text parenthetical citations, include only the first author, followed by et al. For printed works, the in-text reference includes the author s last name or, if there is nso author listed, a short title and page number. You can indicate that the idea or information can be found in the work of more than one author by stating something similar to the following example Though in fact many authors have applied this theory to understanding economic relations among nations for example, see Smith, 1989 Jones, 19991 Johnson, 1994, little work has been done on applying it to understand the actions of organizations in a globalized economy.


For example, Sorgheloos, 1967, as cited in Sargeant, 2008 This makes it clear that you could not access the original work, and that you correctly attribute the original findings to the researcher who actually performed the initial research. Database with no author Monkeying with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.


The following examples show the more formal versions of the citations.


Title of individual episode or podcast Television series episode or podcast. com, when using the EasyBib citation generator, it will format your references list, alphabetized and indented, and ready to hand in! For example, NHS, for the National Health Service, or WHO, for the World Health Organization. Author-page citation for classic and literary works with multiple editions Page numbers are always required, but additional citation information can help literary scholars, who may have a different edition of a classic work like Marx and Engels s The Communist Manifesto. Whether you summarize, paraphrase, or use direct quotes, if it s not your original idea, the source must be acknowledged. Write out the full name of the group in all parenthetical citations Example The May 2011 study focused on percentages of tax money that goes to imprisonment over education funding National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, 2011. From looking at a citation, we can see who the author is, the title of the source, when it was published, and other identifiable pieces of information.


Look for a links section like the following example External links Here are some useful criteria for deciding if a website is reliable Government addresses can generally be trusted www. To cite a fairy tale book in its entirety, cite it as this Colfer, Chris. Extreme organizational depth at all skilled positions a fearless leader Tweet. Patients who experience STM loss while using the medication should discuss it with their doctor. Place the title in quotation marks if it s a short work such as an article or italicize it if it s a longer work e. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001.

Note that has a special field for url, but you can also add it as a note.


When citing specific content from these sources, include the paragraph line numbers that are used in classical works. Tip Many schools have online topic pages, where the school s librarians have grouped together helpful resources dedicated to a particular topic like chemistry, history, or religious studies. In-text Citations You CANNOT use information from any website or published book unless you give the author or site creditBOTH inside your text and at the end of your paper. How to Cite a Survey Surveys can be found online or in print. Block, or indent, quotations longer than four lines of type. Blogs An online blog generally revolves around one specific subject matter and contains text or graphics that are added by an individual, group, or organization. Outside academe, ideas are considered intellectual property and there can serious repercussions if you fail to cite where you got an idea from. Here are a few guidelines that the American Psychological Association suggests Only include information about an individual s orientation or characteristic if it is important to the topic or study. Thus the quoted individuals names or descriptions appear in the narrative, and the citation appears RefWorks is an online research management, writing and collaboration tool. if the digital image does not have an official title, create a brief description.


You NEED to give the name of the paper, the author s, the Journal it was published in and the year it was published.

Gussie Fink-Nottle has set up a discussion forum for newt fanciers However, when you are citing a particular document or piece of information from a website, include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation. Please note that only on the title page, your page header running head should include the words Running Head before your title in all capital letters. However, various academic disciplines have different conventions for what style to use. 214 From the APA Style Blog Facebook Although the Publication Manual 6th ed. Demonstrates how to choose a topic, plan and organize research, and draft and revise a report. Worsening depression and suicidality in patients being treated with antidepressant medications FDA public health advisory. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. Coates Library In-Text Citation Library Collections Programs About the Library Citing Sources in the Text of your Paper In-Text Citation and Notes Each time writers use an outside source, they must give credit to the original writer or creator of that source.


html Article from a Web page, no date Dvoretsky, D. If you don t know the publication date, add accessed in front of the year in the footnote and Accessed in front of the year in the final citation.


If the group author is also the publisher, just use the word Author after the location p.

It doesn t add much to make a full biblio item, that can of course include the URL!


It is different from other types of studies in that it isn t based on theories or ideas, but on actual data.

in which case you still need to cite the author s, date, and for news articles the name of the newspaper magazine website.

Science Directory of Open Access Journals DOAJ A database of scholarly scientific information. The best website for resources on writing a college paper. Take a look Posted by Timothy McAdoo at 2 05 PM in, December 15, 2011 by Jeff Hume-Pratuch If you ve ever typed a paper using a popular program, you ve probably encountered the automatic hyperlink Type a URL, and the software immediately underlines it and changes the font color to blue whether you like it or not.

To cite one of the songs on Pink Floyd s album, cite it as this Pink Floyd. Posted by Chelsea Lee at 10 34 AM in February 04, 2015 by Timothy McAdoo Note To learn how to cite individual tweets or posts that include hashtags, see our. com For more help with citing electronic sources, please use these links Copyright 1995-2017 by and. For MLA style, you ll embed a reference to your citation in the text, then include a works cited page at the end of your essay. RefWorks offers many different styles to choose from and we are not proposing to restrict subjects in their choice, only that a Faculty or subject, choose from the list offered by RefWorks. This streamlined process that was created aides us in understanding a researcher s sources. In short, since there s no rule governing the use of hyperlinks, take your audience and delivery method into account when deciding whether URLs should become active hyperlinks in your paper.

It wouldn t make sense to add this sentence after the one above We tested the solution to identify the possible contaminants.


Get inspired by great minds Trusted by over 6 million researchers worldwide, Mendeley is perfect for sharing knowledge, discussing new developments and collaborating on innovative projects. Post-Web babies have no idea how tedious searching was before on-line bibliographies came along.


Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education 41 2016 482-497. Also, every time a fact gets recorded on a note card, its source should be noted in the top right corner.

Acceptability depends on how reputable the authors are and how thoroughly the publication checks its facts.


You can add PDFs, images, audio and video files, snapshots of web pages, and really anything else. In most cases, parenthetical citations include the author s last name and the page number for the information cited. Injuries in Japanese Players During Practices and Games. In summary, operationally, give all the information you have in citations, even while recognizing that some of it has an expiration date. Here is an example News agencies like CNN provide breaking news coverage to millions of people every day on their website In our first investigation, we analyzed the content of CNN s Twitter feed during the year 2012. WHAT S NEW Celebrate National Native American Heritage Month with a on Native American agriculture for middle-school social studies.


Flu shots may reduce risk of heart attacks, strokes and even death. If you are citing a database article that is available in other places, such as a journal or magazine, include the homepage s URL.


but She thought poets the unacknowledged legislators of the world.


Re-using a project or paper from another class or time and saying that it is new is plagiarism.

Invert the name by entering the last name first, followed by a comma.


Click on the citation you need, then click the Cite button on the right navigation Last Updated Nov 4, 2017 11 20 AM URL edu apastyle Copyright 2012 College of San Mateo Library 1700 W.

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