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Citing websites for research papers - Purdue OWL MLA Formatting and Style Guide


Direct quotations are best avoided whenever possible. However, if you re citing a particular page from the cite e. We cite according to the 8th edition of MLA, 6th edition of APA, and 16th edition of Chicago 8th edition Turabian. A plagiarized version No matter how old you are, your well-being and your health can impact your ability to do a good job at school.


M4 B66 1995 Description Guide for planning, carrying out, and reporting on research for any field and at any level.


Then list your keywords that stand out in your research. Follow these directions to format the Works Cited list to match the Modern Language Association s guidelines. If the source does not have a second container, omit this last part of the citation.

Facts from reputable encyclopedias or similar sources can be used to supplement a paper, but keep in mind that these sources won t contain any juicy analysis or scholarly study. General Guide to Formatting a Bibliography For a book Author last name first. How do you cite a website if you have taken only a quote from it? The note and the bibliographic entry include almost identical information but in a different format. Once you click on a book you like, Google Books will give you a preview of the book and information related to buying the book or finding it in your library.


H26 2004 Description Concise pocket guide for writing college papers and citing sources in APA, MLA, or Chicago style.


This allows your reader to find your exact source. Within the cited information Rakita states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for 2004.


Thus the quoted individuals names or descriptions appear in the narrative, and the citation appears Do not justify the lines of text at the right margin turn off any automatic hyphenation feature in your writing program. Begin your text on a new, double-spaced line after the title, indenting the first line of the paragraph half an inch from the left margin. Zotero groups can be private or public, open or closed. The date the page or website was published comes next. If you re including an acronym in your paper like APA, it is not necessary to include periods between the letters. Additionally, if your source makes a mistak, you copy the mistake because direct quotations are copied verbatim.

Include this information especially if it will help readers locate the interview themselves or if it s relevant to the research paper. A personal communication citation should be used because there is no direct, reliable path for all readers to retrieve the source. Get full access to all our learning resources curated and vetted by teachers and curriculum specialists for one-low price. Write these organizations in their entirety, and place them where you would write the author. Note When using multiple authors names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and. Because online materials can potentially change URLs, APA recommends providing a Digital Object Identifier DOI, when it is available, as opposed to the URL. All citations begin flush against the left margin.


Because of this fundamental change, the entries produced by the two approaches are different.

193 From the APA Style Blog Twitter Although the Publication Manual 6th ed.

The Curious Researcher A Guide to Writing Research Papers. Contact Information Comments about these pages should be directed to, Director. If the author has written more than one paper in the same year, then you can use an alphabetical appendix Sargeant, 2008a Some departments prefer it if you also use page numbers, if possible.

If, however, it is presented as the newer alpha-numeric string, use that as the DOI. org about division American Psychological Association. We can now obtain information through apps, Tweets, other social media posts, and many other creative ways. Chesnutt Library also provides access to RefWorks, a web-based bibliography manager which automatically formats papers.


Here is an example of an article citation using four different citation styles. If you want, you can number the citations as you go and then refer to that citation in your notes by the number.

LINKS As far as research is concerned, Google is a double-edged sword.


80 of people told us that this article helped them. You will also need some of the information found on the table of contents. If a citation flows onto the second line, indent it in half an inch from the left margin called a hanging indent.


Author and date are both missing Substitute title for author and n. Compare Shelley argued thus Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world., then you need to cite that book as a book and not a URL. If your subject is children s literature, The Cat in the Hat might be an acceptable reference.


, Participants were given a link to an online survey, which the authors created using Survey Monkey. Including references in academic writing not only defends you against allegations of plagiarism, but it is a way of demonstrating your knowledge of pertinent literature about the research problem. aspx It may seems a little unusual to have so many similar references, but in the context of this research topic, it makes perfect sense. For an example of citing an article taken from a database, click on the database articles tab above.


n a Author and title are both missing Substitute description of document inside square brackets for author then give date and source Description of document. Springfield, IL McGraw-Hill No contributor information Sometimes you will come across sources with no contributor information. For websites on specific citation styles and how to avoid plagiarism, go to. The key to creating the reference list entry is to determine the type of content on the web page. Double-space throughout use dividing lines as needed.

of How to Cite a Website was reviewed by on February 11, 2015. Within the cited information Rakita states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for

If you cannot obtain this source, then you need to use a two-stage referencing system.


In the second case, where the page is autodated, be equally careful because you also don t know when the information was created.

Retrieved from The in-text citations include the author name outside of brackets whichever that may be and the date. Here s an example We tested the solution to identify the possible contaminants. Web Online ACS Style Guide, pp 316-325 Note Different web browsers break the text in different places of a URL. If you ve created and published posted software, that certainly falls into the specialized area noted above. and so forth regardless of the nature of the source.

Credit additional individuals in the narrative if necessary. Depending on the size of your school, you may have a subject area librarian for the particular type of research you are doing.


This heading is featured at the top of the first page of the research paper or research assignment. Source Provide a retrieval URL that leads as directly and reliably to the cited content as possible click a post s date stamp to access its archived URL. The key to creating the reference list entry is to determine the type of content on the web page. Professor Paul Salkovskis addresses this concern That s rather like saying, if someone s got a broken leg. Tag and analyze your research together with others. Examples of parenthetical attribution Plagiarism and You, 2002 or Five Ways to Protect Yourself, 2000 When no date is given for the publication of a text as is the case with many websites, include the abbreviation n. Web site owner or sponsor if needed to identify the source.

Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Place the editor s name first in reverse order, add a comma, and then add the word editor. It includes information related to MLA citations, plagiarism, proper formatting for in-text and regular citations, and examples of citations for many different types of sources. Double space the entire paper There should be a double space between each piece of information in the heading Place a double space between the heading and the title Place a double space between the title and the beginning of the essay The Works Cited page should be double spaced as well., meaning, and others, for the article MLA Formatting and Style Guide.

Use the same format, either Day Month Year or Month Day, Year throughout the entire paper Examples 27 July 2017 or July 27, 2017 The title should be underneath the heading, centered in the middle of the page, without bold, underlined, italicized, or all capital letters. It was very helpful when I didn t know how to cite evidence. The carbon war global warming and the end of the oil era.

Citations are included in the body of a project when you add a quote into your project.

, Title of book E-reader version, if applicable pp. It also shows that you were able to locate appropriate and reputable sources that helped back up your thesis or claim. Please note, too, that the OWL still includes information about print sources and databases for those still working with these sources. Again, this same principle governs when you should include page numbers or section names, or any other part of a source link to post in paraphrased citations to print materials.


You may also find useful the tutorial designed by University of Leicester about how to understand, and avoid plagiarism. Blogs that are part of a larger publication should also include the name of that publication. In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry in the Works Cited.

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